Leviticus is a Hebrew word meaning “pertaining to the Levites.” This book was primarily instructional for the Levites as they supervised the worship and conducted the sacrifices for the nation of Israel. Notice how Leviticus 23:10-12 ties into the resurrection of the first fruits located in Matthew 27:52-53.
Leviticus taught that the way to God required sacrifice. The word atonement occurs more than fifty times. It means to “cover up.” Sacrifices could not remove or forgive sins. Leviticus also taught about holiness. This word occurs almost one hundred times and means “without sin.” God is holy, and can only fellowship with holy beings. Since man is not holy, fellowship between man and God was not possible without a prior sacrifice. (Revelation 5:5-7).
Reading the New Testament Book of Hebrews is helpful in understanding Leviticus, and vice-versa. Reading these two books is important in our worship of God. We can learn much about how the people were instructed to worship Him. Worship in the New Covenant is no longer tied to a particular people or place. We are to worship anywhere and everywhere in spirit and in truth (John 4:21-24). Sadly, some wrongly assert a physical temple is needed.
Christ is now worshiped! He is the ultimate and only true sacrifice. He led a sinless life, and died on the cross for our sins. Only through Jesus Christ can one receive forgiveness for his sins. He is the spotless lamb. Man’s fellowship with God is then restored, and man’s response is to worship God wholeheartedly. As a result, the problem is solved; a Holy God can have fellowship with man. In John 14:6: “Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life, no one comes to the Father except through Me.”